Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary

Our Aikido Knowledge Base offers hundreds of entries like: articles, pictures, facts and biographies along with information about topics like: aikido techniques, postures, weapons and glossary of Japanese terms.

The aim of Aikido knowledge Base is to create an ideal online reference source of verified facts, information, and biographies from trusted sources.

Currently we have: 860 terms in base.

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - A

TermBrief Description
AbaraHuman rib cage, also known as the thoracic ca...
Abara-honeThe ribs....
AgoJaw....
Agurainformal cross-legged sitting position. Also,...
Ai合 - ai - joining, harmonizing, harmony, uni...
Ai-gamaeSame as ai-hammi....
Ai-hanmiMutual, or balanced stance. eg both right foo...
Ai-hanmi-katate-doriWrist grip, right on right or left on left, a...
AikiFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Aiki-budoThis is the name given to the art O Sensei wa...
Aiki-jinja(Aiki Shrine) - An Omoto shrine located in Iw...
Aiki-joAiki-jo is the name given specifically to the...
Aiki-kenAiki-ken is the name given specifically to th...
Aiki-nage'Harmony' of throwing an opponent with no pre...
Aiki-otoshiAiki-drop, throwing technique...
AikibattoSword drawing exercises, solo or paired...
Aikido Toho IaiShoji Nishio sensei's iaido school...
AikidogiFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Aikidoka(dojo term) student of aikido....
AikikaiAikikai is the largest aikido organization, a...
Aikikai AikidoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
AikitaisoAikido warm-up exercises...
AitePartner in training; opponent....
AnzaInformal cross-legged sitting position. Also,...
Arigato(informal) Thank you; “Thanks” ...
Arigato gozaimashita(informal) Thank you; "Thanks" for for somet...
Arigato gozaimasu(informal) Thank you; "Thanks" for something...
AsagasumiMorning mist; Kyusho (Pressure Point); This p...
AshiAshi (1) leg, or foot. Ashi (2) to step...
Ashi-barraiFoot Sweep (Judo)....
Ashi-gamae(n.) A stance from which appropriate response...
Ashi-haba(n.) The width and length of one's stance....
Ashi-hakobiMartial walk of walking by sliding the feet r...
Ashi-irekae6 step; Switch hanmi: Left and right hanmi in...
Ashi-kubiAnkle....
Ashi-no-kohThe instep of a foot....
Ashi-no-uraThe sole of the a foot....
Ashi-no-yubiToes....
Ashi-sabaki(n.) Four types of footwork for delivering a...
Ashi-wazaLeg techniques....
AshiguruFoot soldiers; the lowest rank of bushi....
AtamaHead...
Ataru(v.) To be on target; to have hit directly. /...
AteStrike, the Chinese reading of the kanji. Als...
Ate-wazaHitting Techniques....
Atemia strike; from ate [strike] & mi [body]. Also...
Atemi-wazaStriking or hitting techniques....
AwaseBlending exercise(s).“joining together”;...
Ayumi-ashiStep with no slide; Normal stepping; Normal w...

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - B

TermBrief Description
Barai(Harai) - parry, ward off, block....
Batto(n.) 1. Sword drawing. 2. In the practice of...
BokkenFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
BokutoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
BoshiCurve leading to kissaki; part of the samurai...
Bu(n.) 1. The original meaning of the Chinese c...
Bu-do(n.) 1. The doctrine of the Japanese military...
Bu-gei(n.) 1. Military arts. (The Chinese character...
Bu-jutsuSee Bugei....
BudoBudō (武道?) is a Japanese term describing...
Budo-kan(n.) 1. A hall or building designated for the...
Bugei-juhappan(n.) The 18 different recognized disciplines...
BugugakeWeapons rack; from buki [weapons] and kake [h...
BushiWarrior and the warrior caste; from bu [power...
BushidoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
ButsumetsuBuddha's passing; Kyusho (Pressure Point); Th...
Byo-kiByō-ki (n.) 1. A state of poor health. 2. In...

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - C

TermBrief Description
Chado(The Way of Tea) - The Tea Ceremony...
Chedokan AikidoChendokan Aikido is a form of Aikido develope...
Chi no kokyu"The breath of Earth," the second level of Ai...
Chinkon kishinCalming the spirit and returning to the divin...
ChokuDirect. Thus Chokusen No Irimi = direct entry...
Choku tsukiJo technique: Basic thrusting movement. ...
Choyaku-suburiRepetitive, individual, cutting exercise; Inc...
Chu-shin ryokuThe Aikido the 'center power', refers to the...
ChudanMiddle level; from chu [middle] and dan [leve...
Chudan no kamaeGuard position with a weapon at belly height....
Chudan tsukiMiddle punch, targeted at belly or solar plex...
ChukyushaContinuing student, with a mid-level kyu grad...
ChushinCenter. Especially, the center of one's movem...
CohaiJunior student....

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - D

TermBrief Description
DaimonBig gate; Kyusho (Pressure Point); This is th...
DaishoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
DaitoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Daito ryu aikijujutsuDaito ryu aikijujutsu originally called Daito...
DakkyuDislocation....
DanFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
DeguchiExit....
DeshiStudent...
DoWay, path, discipline, or study. Implies incl...
DogiDo-gi misc. term. clothes for ‘the way’....
DojoDō-jō (n.) Originally the place where Guata...
Dojo kikuRules and regulations of dojo....
DojochoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
DokkotsuSingle bone; Kyusho (Pressure Point); These p...
Domo arigato gozaimashitaThank you very much, for something completed ...
Domo arigato gozaimasuThank you very much, for something going on...
DoriSuffix version of tori. To take, grab or catc...
DosaExercise, action, or movement;from do [moveme...
DoshuFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
DotaiThe trunk of the body....
DozoPlease/ by all means...

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - E

TermBrief Description
Eki taiLevel of practice. Liquid body. (No resistan...
EmbudaikaiGrand public demonstration. Example: Aikido a...
Embui giDisplay/ demonstration clothes...
EmbukaiPublic demonstration...
EmpiElbow, also used to indicated an elbow techni...
Empi-uchi1. Elbow strike.

2. Elbow smash....
EnA circle....
Enkei choyaku undoEnkei undo exercise with step to side....
Enkei undoCircle throw exercise....
EriCollar....
Eri doriA grab or grip to the collar...

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - F

TermBrief Description
FuchiMetal sleeve at the base of the handle of a k...
Fuchi ganeMetal band around tsuka next to tsuba; part o...
FudoshinFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
FukushidoinA formal title whose connotation is something...
Funakogi undoRowing exercise, also called torifune ...
Furi kaburiSword-raising movement. This movement in foun...
Furi tama"Shaking down the spirit,"; exercise to still...
Futari doriImplies a two-man simultaneous attack in juta...
Futari taisoCertain movement exercise for two persons....

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - G

TermBrief Description
GaeshiA reversal; from kaesu [to turn out]....
GakkotsuJawbone, also called agobone...
Gambatte“Good luck!”, wishing someone to do their...
GaramiEntanglement; from karamu [to entangle or to...
Gassho gasseki undoLie on your back and join your hands and feet...
GatamePin, or immobilisation. See, katame....
GedanLower level; from ge [low] & dan [level].On t...
Gedan no kamaeTraditional kenjutsu posture; the low stance....
Gedan tsukiA Punch from lower level; from ge [low] & dan...
Gedan-baraiLow block...
Gedan-geriA kick from lower level; from ge [low] and da...
GeriKick; from keru [to kick]....
Geri wazaKicks; Techniques that involve kicking....
GiPractice clothes. A western abbreviation.See,...
GiriCut; from kiru [to cut]. See, kiri....
GoFive...
Go-no-suburiStep forward while guarding, then a 70 degree...
Go-no-tachiFifth of sword; The partnered form practice o...
Godan5th dan (black belt)...
GokkyoFifth teaching; from go [five] & kyo [teachin...
GokokuKyusho (Pressure Point); This point is found...
Gokyu5th kyu (Yellow belt)...
Gomen nasailit. Excuse me...
GorinFive rings; Kyusho (Pressure Point); These ar...
GotaiHard body, static training; c.f. jutai, ryuta...
GyakuReverse, opposite....
Gyaku tsukiStrike with opposing arm and leg forward, com...
Gyaku-gamaeSame as gyaku-hammi....
Gyaku-hanmiOpposing stance (if Uke has the right foot fo...
Gyaku-hanmi katate-doriWrist grip, right on left or left on right....
Gyaku-uchiReverse Strike....
Gyoshu jikkunTen precepts for spiritual training....

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - H

TermBrief Description
HaCutting edge; part of the samurai sword....
Ha machi‘Step’ at end of cutting edge where the b...
HabakiCollar (usually copper) reinforcing join betw...
HachiEight; 8...
Hachidan8th dan (black belt)...
HadomeEnds of the teeth; Kyusho (Pressure Point); Y...
HaiYes!; Now!...
Hai dozoyes, please; (practice what I have demonstrat...
Haishin-undoBack stretch...
HajikigoshiHajiki-goshi techniques involve throwing uke...
HajimeFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Hajime-mashoLet's begin....
Hajime-masuLet's begin....
HakamaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Hakko-ryuForm of Jujutsu, founded by Okuyama Yoshiharu...
HakujinDrawn sword; naked blade...
HamonLine of tempered section; part of the samurai...
HanaNose....
HanajiNosebleed....
HanamiCutting line of sword (from mune to ha); part...
Hanmi gamaeAngled guard position...
Hanmi han dachi wazaTechnique(s) with uke standing and tori kneel...
Hanten ukemiHalf-rolling; absorbing the fall without roll...
HaoriOver jacket...
HappaEight leaves; Kyusho (Pressure Point); This i...
HappoEight directions; cf. shiho...
Happo undoEight directions exercise. ...
Hara"Center"; 2 inches below the naval; energy so...
Harakiri"Stomach-cutting" is a form of Japanese ritua...
Hasso gaeshi uchiJo-staff technique...
Hasso-no-kamaeGuard with weapon at shoulder level; It is an...
HasujiPointing line of sword (from mune machi to ki...
Haya-suburiRepetitive, individual, cutting exercise; Rap...
Henka wazaTechnique(s) changing in mid-execution, or a...
HeraPeg inside rear of hakama...
HesoNavel; the bellybutton....
HiGrooves; part of the samurai sword....
HidariLeft. (The Chinese reading of the kanji is, s...
Hidari-hammiLeft hammi posture....
Hifuku undoSit down Japanese stywe and swing your upper...
HijiElbow. The Chinese reading of the kanji is, e...
Hiji doriElbow grip. Sleeve grip at elbow...
Hiji garamiElbow entanglement, or figure-four entangleme...
Hijikime-osaePinning technique, sometimes called rokkyo....
HijishimeElbow lock against the joint. Simetimes calle...
Hiki-ashiWithdrawing the front leg. (Known as “draw...
Hiki-ayumi-ashiWithdraw the front leg then step over. (Known...
Himitsu WazaThe way O-Sensei was referring to Kaeshi Waza...
HimoCord or lace; example: gi himo...
HineriTwist. In relation to a joint manipulation it...
HiraFace of blade from shinogi to ha; part of the...
Hiraki-ashiStep and pivot around on the front foot so as...
HiryuranFlying dragon confuser; Kyusho (Pressure Poin...
HitaiForehead....
HitoeTop of tang which meets mune at mune machi; p...
Hitoe IriminageIriminage with both arms in uke's front...
Hitoemi1) Posture similar to the Hanmi; rear leg is...
HizaKnee. The Chinese reading of the kanji is shi...
Hiza no saraKnee cap, also called shitsugai...
HoMethod....
Hojo walkPosture, moving, and breathing exercise durin...
HokoDirection....
HombuHombu is how it is pronounced, Honbu is how i...
HonbuHeadquarters; from hon [base] & bu [section,...
HoneBone....
HoshiStar; Kyusho (Pressure Point); This point is...

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - I

TermBrief Description
IaidoI-ai-dō (n.) 1. Technique of rapid sword dra...
IaitoTraining sword, usually not sharpened...
IchiOne; 1...
Ichi-no-suburiA simple downward vertical cut; Basic solo mo...
Ichi-no-tachiFirst of sword; The partnered form practice o...
IchibanFirst, best...
IkkajoOlder term for ikkyo....
IkkiToast; one ki; bottoms up; cheers...
IkkyoFirst teaching; from ichi [one] & kyo [teachi...
Ikkyo undoExercise in which a person swings their arms...
Ikkyu1st kyu (Brown belt)...
InazumaKyusho (Pressure Point); This point is found...
IntokuGood done without reward; a secret act of cha...
Ippan-geikoGeneral practice sessions in which everyone t...
IpponkenStrike with one knuckle (lit. one-point fist)...
IriguchiEntrance....
IrimiFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Irimi undoExercise in which a person raises one arm and...
Irimi-ashiEntering and pivoting around on both feet to...
IrimigoshiKoshinage that begins with Iriminage...
IriminageEntering throw....
IwamaJapanese town; where Osensei had a dojo and a...
Iwama Style AikidoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ...
Iwama ryuSaito Sensei’s Aikido style. ...

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - J

TermBrief Description
JakkinWeak muscle; Kyusho (Pressure Point); This po...
JinchuCentre of a human; Kyusho (Pressure Point); T...
Jiyu-geikoFree training or practice...
JiyuwazaFreestyle technique(s); from jiyu [free] & wa...
JoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Jo doriDisarming an opponent armed with a jo....
Jo nageThrowing with, or taking away, the jo (wooden...
Jo-tai-jojo vs. jo...
Jo-tai-kenJo vs. ken...
JoawaseJo-staff exercises...
JodanUpper level; from jo [up] & dan [level].On th...
Jodan kamaeGuard with weapon over head...
Jodan tsukiBasic attack. A high punch, targeted at throa...
JodanukeHigh block; high parry...
JodoThe way of the jo...
Joge-suburiRepetitive, individual, cutting exercise; Str...
Johokosa undoCross palms in front of face...
JokyushaAdvanced student; student with a high kyu gra...
JosekiUpper side of mat, opposite the shimoseki....
JosokuteiBall of the foot....
Ju(1) (jyu) The number (10) ten. (2) Sof...
Ju taiA level of practice with Soft or fluid body...
JudoThe soft way, or the way to softness...
Juji garamiCross-shaped throw, or figure-ten throw. Aka,...
JujinageCross-shaped throw, or figure-ten throw. Aka,...
JujiroIntersection; Kyusho (Pressure Point); These...
JujutsuA traditional Japanese form of unarmed combat...
JumbitaisoWarm-up exercises; also called aikitaiso...
JuntsukiStrike with the same arm and leg forward; als...
JutaiSoft body, smooth training; cf. gotai, ryutai...
JyuTen....

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - K

TermBrief Description
KaeshiA reversal; from kaesu [to turn out, or rever...
Kaeshi-tsukiReverse strike with jo-staff...
Kaeshi-wazaTechnique reversal. (Uke becomes Nage and vic...
KageKyusho (Pressure Point); This is the protrube...
KaiAn organisation or federation. For example Ka...
KaisoFounder; O-Sensei...
KaitenRevolving or rotating; from kae [turn or revo...
Kaiten-ashiPivoting around on one foot so as to turn up...
KaitennageRotary throw. Uchi [inside] and soto [outside...
KaitenosaeRotation pinning technique...
Kakari-geikoConstant attacking; Kendo Term; In Aikido oft...
KakatoHeel....
KakeDoing the technique (3rd step in doing aikido...
KakuKyusho (Pressure Point); This is the knee and...
KakudoAngle...
KamaeFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
KamizaKamiza dojo term. (1) Place of honour or Uppe...
Kampai"Cheers"; a toast...
KangeikoMid-winter training...
KanjiKanjiJapanese characters. F...
KanrenLinked, connected...
Kanren WazaLinked techniques, one technique followed by...
KansetsuJoint. Therefore kansetsu-waza, immobilisatio...
Kansetsu wazaJoint/Pinning technique as distinct from nage...
KaoFace....
KaradaBody....
KashiraEnd of tsuka; part of the samurai sword....
KasumiFog; Kyusho (Pressure Point); These are the t...
KataFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Kata gatameShoulder lock. A variation of kaiten nage, wh...
KatachiShape....
KatadoriGrab or grip to the shoulder...
Katadori menuchiShoulder grip followed by shomenuchi...
KatahabaMeasure of thickest part of blade; part of th...
KatameAn immobilization; from katameru [to harden,...
Katame wazaAn immobilization; from katameru [to harden,...
KatanaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Katana kakeSword stand....
KatateSingle handed....
Katate doriSame side wrist grab, e.g. right to left...
Katate ryotedoriGrip with both hands, also called morotedori...
Katate suburiRepetitive, individual, cutting exercise; Hol...
Katori shinto-ryuTraditional sword school...
KazuNumber....
KegaInjury; wound; hurt....
Kei-kotsuThe neck bone....
KeikoPractice, training or study; from kei [to thi...
Keiko giPractice clothing....
KenSword, also katana, to and tachi...
Kendo"Way of The Sword", is a modern Japanese mart...
KenkoHealth....
Kenko taisoHealth exercises....
Kenko-kotsuA shoulder blade....
KenkotsuHealthy bone; Kyusho (Pressure Point); Four p...
Kenzai ishikiThe conscious mind....
KesaLapel/part of monks costume hanging from left...
KetsuekiBlood....
Ki気 - ki - spirit, life energy...
Ki-ai(n.) 1. A state of concentration on an oppone...
Ki-gamae(n.) To be aware and mentally prepared to rea...
Ki-no-nagareContinuous flowing practice;from nagasu [to f...
Ki-no-nagare-wazaKi No Nagare Waza includes all the "flowing t...
Ki-no-shoKi calligraphy which is hung up at the shomen...
Kiatsu-hoPressing method with ki....
KihakuSpirit; vigor; strong drive....
KihonFoundation(s), fundemental(s), base, or basic...
Kihonwaza“basic technique”; the pure form executed...
KikenTo submit by tapping out....
KikuRules and regulations in the training hall or...
Kime1) Focus; the instantaneous tensing at the co...
KimochiA feeling; a frame of mind....
KimonDemon gate or Omote Kimon; Kyusho (Pressure P...
KimusubiYying one's ki to that of the partner...
Kimusubi-no-tachiBlending one's energy with partner of sword;...
Kingyo undoSwing your hips horizontawwy wike fish swimmi...
KinketsuForbidden hole; Kyusho (Pressure Point); This...
KinnikuMuscle....
Kinniku-tsuMuscular pain....
KiriCut; from kiru [to cut]. See, giri....
KirikaeshiTurning cut, sword exercise...
KissakiThe tip of the sword....
KiyokuVitality; ki energy....
KizaSitting stance, up on toes. See, seiza....
Kobayashi AikidoAlso known as "The Kokusai Aikido Kenshukai K...
KoeVoice; Kyusho (Pressure Point); This point is...
KogekiAttack; strike; offensive...
KohaiOne's junior, compare sempai...
KohoBackwards; from ko [back] & ho [direction]....
Koho kaiten ukemiBackward rolling; breakfall...
Koho tento undoRocking back and forth exercise...
Koichi ToheiFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia...
KoiguchiOpen end of saya; part of the samurai sword....
Kokikai AikidoKokikai Aikido was founded by Shuji Maruyama...
KokoroSpirit; will; heart; intuition; mood; also ca...
Kokoro-gakeMental attitude....
Kokoro-gamaeMental attitude....
Kokusai AikidoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia...
KokyuBreath; from ko [exhale] & kyu [inhale]. (ah,...
Kokyu hoBlending and breathing method / exercise....
Kokyu ryokuBreath power...
KokyudosaSeated breathing and throwing practice ...
KokyunageBreath (timing) throw....
KomiHeel....
Konbanwa"Good evening" (when entering the dojo) ...
Konnichiwa"Good afternoon/ day" (when entering the dojo...
Korindo AikidoA martial art that originated in Japan. It is...
KosaCross over; pass...
KosadoriCross-over grip; same as aihanmi katatedori...
KoseiForce of a tiger; Kyusho (Pressure Point); Th...
KoshiArea from the small of the back to the tailbo...
Koshi wazaHip techniques....
KoshiitaBoard at back of hakama...
KoshinMove backward....
KoshinageHip throw....
KoshitsuboHip pot; Kyusho (Pressure Point); Located at...
KossetsuFracture of a bone; a broken bone....
KotaiHard body, static training; also called gotai...
KoteHand; from ko [small] & te [hand]. Originally...
Kote-hineriTwisted wrist; arm-locking twist down; sankyo...
KotegaeshiWrist out-turn. Aka, tekubi-mawashi....
Kotegaeshi undoWrist exercise....
KotemawashiTurned wrist, nikkyo...
KubiNeck....
Kubikyusho-uchiNeck vital-point strike...
KubishimeNeck strangle; from kubi [neck] & kime [choke...
KuchiMouth....
Kudan9th dan (black belt)...
KudenOral tradition/ teaching...
KumiA pair, or partners....
Kumi joPartner exercise with jo....
Kumi tachiThe partnered forms practice of aiki-ken is c...
KuzushiBalance breaking, or disturbing; from kuzusu...
KyoPrinciple, learning...
KyokeiStrong tendons; Kyusho (Pressure Point); Thes...
KyoshiTitle in kendo, 6-7 dan...
Kyu1) Nine. 2) Kyū (級?) is a Jap...
Kyudo"Way of the bow", is the Japanese art of arch...
Kyudo-shinThe mind that seeks after truth....
KyujoVital-point...
KyukeiTake a short rest!...
KyushoA vital part; the vitals; Pressure point....
KyushuThe drawing on of an opponent by changing maa...

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - M

TermBrief Description
MaDistance between training partners...
Ma aiFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
MaeFront, [opposite of ushiro],the Japanese read...
Mae ukemiFront breakfalls....
MaegeriFront kick....
Manseikan AikidoManseikan Aikido is an independent style cent...
MaruCircle...
MaruiCircular....
MataGroin; crotch; called sokei....
MateWait!...
Matsu kazeWind in the pine trees; Kyusho (Pressure Poin...
Matte“Stop” or “wait”....
Mawari-ashiTurning 180 degrees, either with by stepping...
MawashiTurn, or rotation; from mawaru [to turn]. Inr...
Mawashi geriRoundhouse kick...
MeEyes....
MenFace, or front of head....
MenbuFace; Kyusho (Pressure Point); The bridge of...
MenjoCertificate....
MenuchiDirect strike to head....
Metsubushi“To throw ash in the eyes”, a distraction...
MetsukeEye contact, “insight into the soul”.[the...
MichiWay, also do...
MigiRight. The chinese reading of the kanji is, y...
Migi-hammiRight hammi posture....
MijikuVertical body axis...
MimiEars....
MisogiPurification ceremony; cleansing...
Mo ikkaiDo again; one more time...
MochiHold/ grip, also called dori...
MochikataGripping attacks...
Mokan undoLie on your back and rise your arms and wegs....
MokusoMeditation; silent contemplation; also called...
MomoThighs....
Morihei UeshibaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
MoroteBoth hands. See, morote-dori and katate ryote...
Morote doriOne wrist gripped by both hands...
MudanshaTrainee without dan grade, compare yudansha...
Mune doriGrab or grip to the lapel at mid chest area...
Mune dori menuchiFront lapel grab and strike to face....
Munen mushinStriking out without concern of the outcome....
MurasameVillage rain; Kyusho (Pressure Point); The no...
MushinFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
MusubiBlending; tie together; also called ki-no-mus...

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - N

TermBrief Description
NafudakakeA board containing wooden slats that list the...
NagareFlow; streaming...
NagashiFlowing, from nagasu [to flow]....
NageNage A throw. Therefore nage-waza, thro...
Nage wazaA throw. Therefore nage-waza, throwing techni...
NaginataFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ...
Nakago jiriEnd of tang; part of the samurai sword....
Nami-ashiNormal walk; from nami [normal] and ashi [ste...
NanameDiagonal....
Naname-maeDiagonally forward....
Naname-suburiRepetitive, individual, cutting exercise; Alt...
Naname-ushiroDiagonally backward....
NenWill....
Nen-no-chikaraWillpower; the concentrated mind....
NenrikiWillpower....
NenzaSprain....
NiTwo....
Ni-no-suburiStep back into jodan-no-kamae, then a downwar...
Ni-no-tachiSecond of sword; The partnered form practice...
Nidan2nd dan (black belt)...
Nihon Goshin AikidoNihon Goshin Aikido is headed by Richard Bowe...
NikajoOlder name for nikkyo...
NikyoSecond teaching; from ni [two] & kyo [teachin...
Nikyo undoWrist exercise....
Nikyu2nd kyu (Blue belt)...
Ninin doriPractice with two ukes, (does not imply simul...
NinjaCourier, assasin and spy in old Japan...
NintaiPerseverance; patience; endurance....
Nippon(Nihon) - Japan...
Nippon Kan AikidoThe school was founded in 1978 by Gaku Homma...
NoOf....
NodoThroat....
NotoManeuver to return a sword to its scabbard...
NukiDraw the sword, also called batto...
NukiteStrike with fingertips...

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - O

TermBrief Description
O sensei“Great teacher” , for the founder of aiki...
O-goshiO-goshi - Basic big koshinage; hip throw...
ObiBelt....
OchitsukiLiving calmness....
Ohayo gozaimasu"Good morning" (when entering the dojo) ...
Oi-ashiLunging with the front leg....
OitsukiStrike with same arm and foot forward...
OjigiBow. Also Rei. See: risu-rei, za-rei...
Okuri ashiSliding step; from okuri [sliding] & ashi [st...
OmoteFront, or forward. Element with very many int...
OnakaStomach....
OnegashimasPlease show (train with me/teach me) me....
OsaeTo pin, to immobilise, or to press down....
Otagai ni reiBow to each other...
OtoshiDrop; from orosu, [to drop downward]. Also, o...
OwariFinish!...
Owari-mashoLet's finish....
Owari-masuLet's finish....
Oya yubiThumbs....
Oyasumi nasai"Good night"...
Oyo WazaOyo Waza literally means “techniques of app...

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - R

TermBrief Description
RandoriFree-style practice; from randoru [to spar];...
Real AikidoReal Aikido is a martial art developed by Lju...
ReiBow. Also, ojigi....
Reisei-shinThe divine mind; the mind with spirituality....
ReishikiEtiquette and respect. Also, reigi....
RenshuTraining...
Renzoku uchikomiConsecutive striking with jo...
Renzoku wazaConsecutive techniques; a series of technique...
Risu-reiMake a bow from the standing posture....
RitsuStanding. See, tachi....
RitsureiStanding bow; from ritsu [standing] & rei [bo...
RokkyoSixth teaching; pinning technique; see hijiki...
Rokkyu6th kyu (White belt) ...
RokuSix....
Roku-no-suburiStep forward with a downward vertical cut, th...
Rokudan6th dan (black belt)...
RoninA samurai without a master, or dismissed from...
RyoBoth....
Ryokata doriBoth shoulders grab...
RyoteUse of two hands to attack and grip Ryo...
Ryote doriUke grabs both of tori’s wrists....
RyuStyle of; method of; manner of; school (of th...
RyufuDragon's wind; Kyusho (Pressure Point); The A...
RyumonDragon's gate; Kyusho (Pressure Point); The s...

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - S

TermBrief Description
Sabaki“Motion”; implies controlled movement int...
SageoCord, ties into hakama himo; part of the samu...
SaiCrush; Kyusho (Pressure Point); This point is...
SakeRice wine...
SameRay skin under tsuka ito; part of the samurai...
Samurai“One who serves”; one , albeit a lower, r...
SanThree; 3...
San-no-suburiStep back into waki-gamae, then a downward ve...
San-no-tachiThird of sword; The partnered form practice o...
Sandan3rd dan (black belt)...
SankajoOlder term for sankyo...
SankakuTriangle...
Sankaku-no-kamaeTriangle posture; a posture of hammi....
SankakutaiTriangle shape; position of the feet in hanmi...
SankyoThird teaching; from san [three] & kyo [teach...
Sankyo undoWrist exercise....
Sankyu3rd kyu (Green belt)...
Sannin-doriThree attackers rushing at Nage. See, Futari-...
Sannin-gakeThree attackers rushing at Nage....
SanpoThree directions...
SayaScabbard...
Sayo undoSayo Undo exercise has been described technic...
Sayu enkei undoEnkei undo exercise with 90° turn....
Sayu-men-suburiRepetitive, individual, cutting exercise; Alt...
Seidokan AikidoSeidokan Aikido was founded by Rod Kobayashi....
Seika no ittenThe one point below the navel (lower abdomen)...
Seika tandenLower abdomen. “centre”. The area between...
SeikiLife energy...
SeiretsuLine up!...
SeiritsuStanding naturally with no intent....
SeishinSpirit....
SeitakuStar mud; Kyusho (Pressure Point); The top si...
SeizaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
SenTaking the initiative. Sen, sen-no...
Sen no senInitiating at the same instant as an attack...
SenakaBack....
SenpaiOne’s senior(s); from sen [before] & hai [f...
SenseiFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Sensen no senInitiating before the attack begins; a leadin...
Senzai ishikiThe subconscious mind; subconsciousness....
SeppaWashers either side of tsuba; part of the sam...
SeppukuBelly cut; ritual suicide with sword; also ca...
SetsudoTeaching the way of the universe....
ShiShi (1) - Death. Shi (2) - Four.Because...
Shi-sei(n.) 1. Figure. 2. Posture. 3. Physical state...
ShiatsuMassage; finger pressure...
ShichiSeven. More acceptable version is, nana. See,...
Shichi-no-suburiStep forward while guarding, then a 70 degree...
Shichidan7th dan (black belt)...
ShidoinFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
ShihanFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
ShihoFour direction, or all-directions; from shi [...
Shiho-giriRyotedori four-direction partner stretch (cf....
ShihonageFour direction throw, or all-direction throw....
ShikakuLiterally "dead angle." A position in which i...
ShikkoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
ShimeStrangle or choke. Therefore shime-waza, stra...
Shime wazaChoking/ stranglation techniques....
ShimosekiLower side of the mat (left side, as you look...
ShimozaLower seat of the mat, opposite kamiza; Dojo...
ShinHeart, will, mind, also pronounced kokoro;...
Shin Budo Kai AikidoShin Budo Kai Aikido was founded by Shizuo Im...
Shin Shin Toitsu AikidoKi Society is also known as Shin Shin Toitsu...
Shin-ei TaidoShin'ei Taido renamed from Shinwa Taido is an...
ShinaiFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
ShinkenSharp authentic Japanese sword; as opposed to...
ShinogiRidge at widest point along blade; part of th...
Shinogi jiFace of blade from shinogi to mune; part of t...
ShinsaExamination....
ShinshinMind and body; from shin [mind, heart, or spi...
Shinshin toitsudoThe way of coordinating mind and body....
ShintoThe way of the gods, Japanese religion...
Shinwa TaidoOld name of Shin'ei Taido. Martial art simila...
ShinzenSeat of the gods, in a dojo usually a positio...
Shioda GozoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ...
ShiriHips....
ShiseiPosture; position; Bearing or posture. [There...
ShitaDown; downward....
ShiteThe one leading, defender in Aikido, also cal...
ShitsuKnee, or to bend the knees. The Japanese read...
ShitsugaiKnee cap, also called hiza no sara...
Shizen-taiNatural (full frontal) stance, or posture; St...
ShizokuSafe spot, safe angle or position. See, shika...
ShoBeginning, first step, or lower level....
Sho-ho(n.) 1. The beginning of learning. 2. The per...
Sho-shin(n.) Initial enthusiasm....
Sho-sho(n.) A diploma or certificate or rank or titl...
ShodanShodan - 1st dan (black belt) Fr...
Shodan-shinsa(n.) A Dan level examination....
Shodokan AikidoIt is also known as: Tomiki Aikido or Tomiki-...
ShokushuA booklet of ki sayings which is read by stud...
Shomen1) "Front of the head" 2) Head place of...
Shomen ni reiBow to head place of the dojo...
Shomen-suburiRepetitive, individual, cutting exercise; Str...
ShomenuchiStrike to top of head, face or forehead....
Shomenuchi ikkyo undoOverhead Parry Exercise...
ShoshinFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Shoshinha-geikoBeginner's practice sessions....
ShoshinshaBeginner...
ShotoCollective noun for short swords, (1 – 2 sh...
ShugyoTraining; spiritual training....
ShutoHand ridge sword; also called tegatana...
SodeSleeve....
Sode doriSleeve grab. There are a varied range of hold...
Sode-guchi-doriGrip on the cuff of the sleeve...
SojutsuSōjutsu (槍術?), meaning "art of the spear...
SokutoEdge of the foot....
SonomamaStay there!...
SoremadeThat's it!...
SotoOuter or outside....
SotodeshiStudent who lives outside the dojo, compare u...
SotokaitenOuter rotation, compare uchikaiten...
SotoukeBlock from outside, compare uchiuke...
Steven SegalFrom www.stevenseagal.com After se...
Su-ashi(n.) The condition of being barefoot....
Suburi"Elementary swinging"; repetitive, individual...
SuburitoA wooden practice sword possessing significan...
SugataFigure; form; posture....
SuigetsuWater moon; Kyusho (Pressure Point); The sola...
SujiMuscle; tendon; sinew....
Suji-chigaiCramp....
Suki(n.) 1. A space between two objects. 2. Loss...
SumiCorner; also called kado...
Sumi otoshiCorner drop technique; from sumi [corner] and...
SumikiriTo be serene; sharpness of body and mind...
Sumimasen"Excuse me"...
SumoA Japanese form of heavyweight wrestling, in...
SuneShins....
SuriRub; scrape; chafe...
Suri-ashiSuri ashi - legs sliding, rear leg passing to...
SurinukePassing through variation of a technique...
Sutemi1) "Self sacrifice”; a sacrifice throw, (no...
Sutemi-wazaSacrifice techniques where you give away your...
SuwariSitting. As in Sitting technique; Suwari waza...
Suwari wazaSuwari waza Technique(s) from sitting p...
SuwatteSit down!...
Suwatte-wazaSeated training, also called Suwari-waza....

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - T

TermBrief Description
TabiFormal soft footwear for general use and in t...
Tachi1) Standing. as in standing technique; Tachi-...
Tachi-sugataStanding posture....
TachidoriDefense against sword/ bokuto/ boken; sometim...
TaiBody....
Tai no henko“Body change or shift”, blending exercise...
Tai no tenkanBody turn, also called tai no henko...
Tai sabakiFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Tai-otoshiBody drop; usually pushing on uke's elbow...
Tai-ryoku(n.) Physical strength or health....
Tai-to(n.) 1. Referring to wearing of a sword throu...
TaigiArts with kin the state of coordinating mind...
Taijin-dosa(n.) Movement in proper relation to one’s o...
TaijutsuBody work, or practice without weapons....
Tairyoku Toreningu(n.) Training for the development of physical...
TaisoBody exercises; warm-up; calisthenics...
Takemusu aikiAiki which gives birth to martial techniques;...
TameshiTest; trial...
TameshigiriCutting test with sword...
TandenBody center, compare seika no itten...
Taninzu gakeMultiple or great number attack.(implys kotai...
TanrenDrill...
TantoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Tanto-doriDisarming an opponent armed with a tanto or k...
Tao(Dao) - Chinese for "do" or "the way"...
TatamiPractice mats. (originally rice straw mats)....
TatehizaA half-kneeling position; from tate [vertical...
TatsuStand up....
TatteStand up!...
TeHand. The chinese reading of the kanji is, sh...
Te kubiWrist...
Te wazaHand techniques....
Te-no-hiraThe palm of a hand....
Te-no-kohThe back of a hand....
TearaiToilet....
TegatanaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Tekubi joho kosa undoTekubi Joho Kosa Undo is a very traditional t...
Tekubi kansetsu junan hoWrist stretching exercise...
Tekubi-osaePinned wrist, yonkyo...
Tekubi-shindo undoWrist shaking exercise...
Tekubikosa undoWrist crossing exercise...
TenShin AikidoTenShin Aikido is headed by Luis Santos. The...
TenchiTen [heaven] & shi [earth]....
Tenchin Budo Kai AikidoTenchin Budo Kai Aikido is headed By Frank An...
TenchinageHeaven and earth throw....
Tendoryu AikidoTendoryu Aikido was founded by Kenji Shimizu...
TenkanFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Tenkan undoHand Out, Spin with Step Exercise...
Tenkan-ashiEntering, moving one foot behind the other an...
Tenkan-dosaThe basic blending practice; tenkan exercise,...
TenmonHeaven's gate; Kyusho (Pressure Point); This...
TenshinSidewards body shifting....
TenuguiFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ...
ToSword, also ken, tachi and katana...
Tobi geriJump kick...
TobikoshiFall over hip, break fall...
TomareStop!...
TomauchiJo-staff technique from a distance...
TomeiAbility to stop the sword; aiki-ken term;...
ToriFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
TorifuneRowing exercise, also called funakogi undo...
TsubaSword guard...
Tsuchi-fumazuThe arch of the foot; the plantar arch....
TsugiNext!...
Tsugi ashi then okuri ashiFootwork - Move trailing foot first, then lar...
Tsugi-ashiBack leg moves first but never passes the fro...
TsukaSword hilt; hand grip...
TsukiA thrust, punch, or stab; from tsuku [to stic...
Tsuki kageKyusho (Pressure Point); This point is found...
Tsuki wazaLinear strikes techniques....
Tsuki-ageLifting uke's chin to throw...
Tsuma-sakiThe tip of a toe....
TsumasakiToes (see “Ashi-no yubi”)....
TsuyugasumiDrop of mist; Kyusho (Pressure Point); The ar...
TsuzuketeContinue!...

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - U

TermBrief Description
UchiUchi (1) A strike; from utsu [to strike]....
Uchi tachiAttacker, or sword striker, during kumi-tachi...
Uchi wazaNon-linear strikes techniques. Look: Tsuki wa...
Uchi-ma(n.) The most appropriate distance for you to...
UchideshiFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
UchikaitenInner rotation, compare sotokaiten...
UchikomiTo take a step forward and strike;From uchi [...
UchimiBruise....
UchiukeBlock from inside, compare sotouke...
Uchu-reiThe universal spirit....
UdeArm(s)....
Ude furi undoUde Furi Undo exercise is a 180 degree spin w...
Ude garamiArm lock...
Udefuri choyaku undoUdefuri turning exercise with a 180° turn an...
UdekimenageArm break throw....
UdenobashiEextended arm...
UdeosaePinned arm, ikkyo...
UeUp; upward....
UgokunaDon't Move!...
UkeFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Uke nagashi“Flowing reception”, to parry; from ukeru...
Uke tachiDefender, or sword receiver, during kumi-tach...
Uke wazaBlocking techniques....
UkemiFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
Ukemi wazaFalling techniques...
UkenagasuParry; deflect...
Uki-otoshi"Floating drop," is one of the traditional fo...
UkoDoor of rain; Kyusho (Pressure Point); This i...
UndoExercise, motion, or movement; from un [carry...
UnsokuFoot movement Unsoku - Section 1...
UraBeside, or behind. Element with very many int...
Ura kimonOutside devil's gate; Kyusho (Pressure Point)...
UrakenBackhand strike; Back fist....
UshiroLiterally - Back. When used as a prefix to a...
Ushiro katate dori kubishimeUke grabs single wrist and neck choke from be...
Ushiro katate eri doriUke grabs single wrist and collar from behind...
Ushiro kiri otoshiRear cutting drop....
Ushiro ryo hiji doriUke grabs both elbows from behind....
Ushiro ryo kata doriUke grabs both shoulders from behind....
Ushiro ryote doriUke grabs both of tori’s wrists from behind...
Ushiro tekubitoriGrabbing both wrists from behind, also called...
Ushiro tekubitori kotai undoExercise - step to the side, kneel and bow...
Ushiro tekubitori zenshin nage undoExercise - step forward, kneel and bow....
Ushiro tori undoAikido ki ecersise. It is very effective at r...
Ushiro ukemiBack breakfalls....
Ushiro-ashi(n.) The rear foot....
Ushiro-eri-doriCollar grab from behind....
Ushiro-wazaAttacks from behind...
UshirogeriBackward kick...
Ushirotori zenponage undoStep forward and turn exercise...

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - W

TermBrief Description
Waka no kamaeTraditional kenjutsu posture, where the weapo...
Waka senseiYoung teacher; commonly refers to the son of...
WakiArmpit....
Waki-gatameSide armlock in jujutsu, similar to hiji shim...
Waki-kageAtemi point in armpit...
WakitsuboSide bowl; Kyusho (Pressure Point); The hollo...
WakizashiA short, (1 – 2 shaku) sword of a pair. See...
WareBreak; split...
WazaTechnique. As in Nage Waza - throwing techniq...

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - Y

TermBrief Description
YakuPress; Kyusho (Pressure Point); Points found...
YameVerbal order to stop....
YariYari is the Japanese term for spear, or mor...
Yasume{Yasumi) “Rest”....
Yasumi-mashoLet's take a short rest....
Yasumi-masuLet's take a short rest....
Yo-gu(n.) Equipment....
Yodan4th dan (black belt)...
YoiReady. As in a yoi (ready) position or stance...
YokoSide, sideways, or diagonally....
Yoko-geriSide kick...
Yoko-giriHorizontal cut...
Yoko-ukemiSide fall ...
YokomenSide of the head...
YokomenuchiA strike attack angling diagonally down to th...
Yokyu4th kyu (Orange belt)...
YonFour....
Yon-no-suburiStep forward with a downward vertical cut; re...
Yon-no-tachiFourth of sword; The partnered form practice...
YonkajoOlder term for yonkyo...
YonkyoFourth teaching, pinning technique ...
Yori-ashi(Okuri in Kendo) - front leg moves first, leg...
Yoseikan AikidoThis form was developed by Minoru Mochizuki,...
Yoshinkan AikidoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia...
Yoshokai AikidoYoshokai Aikido was founded by Takashi Kushid...
Yu-dan(n.) Carelessness or neligence....
YubiFingers....
Yubi tsuboFinger healing point; Kyusho (Pressure Point)...
YudanshaAikidoka with dan-grades;from yu-suru [to pos...
Yudansha-geikoBlack belt rank holders' practice sessions....
YugasumiEvening mist; Kyusho (Pressure Point); This i...
Yuka-ita(n.) Wooden flooring of a Dojo....

Aikido Knowledge Base - Aikido Glossary - Z

TermBrief Description
ZaSitting. The Japanese reading of the kanji is...
Za-reiSeated bow; from za [sitting] & rei [bow]....
Zaidan Hojin AikikaiAikikai Foundation...
ZanshinFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
ZazenKneeling meditation; from za [sitting] & zen...
ZekkenChest patch embroidered with own name and doj...
Zempo kaiten ukemiForward rolling breakfall; (cf. falling break...
ZenSerenity, or quietness....
Zen-shin(n.) Forward motion....
Zengo undoA variation of ikkyo undo extending first to...
Zenkei-shisei(n.) A posture with a slight forward lean or...
Zenpo kaiten undoForward roll (mae ukemi)...
Zenshin-kotai(n.) 1. Forward and backward motion. 2. Repet...
Zenshin-kotai-shomen-suburiRepetitive, individual, cutting exercise; Str...
ZokkoContinue....
ZoriFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: ...
ZubonPants or trousers worn during suburi training...

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Aikido is a modern Japanese Martial Art and is very different from disciplines such as Karate, Kick Boxing, Taekwondo, Kung Fu, MMA, BJJ, Kempo and Krav Maga where there is emphasis on kicking, punching or wrestling.

Aikido is an extremely efficient self defence (also as Self-Defence Women London) system utilising balance-taking and posture-breaking movements to achieve joint locks, pins and throws. It contains elements of Ju Jitsu, Kendo, Judo and other budo.

Aikido Classes are held every Tuesday and Wednesday evening at our Harrow dojo, and Thursday evening at our Pinner dojo in NW London. Pinner Aikido Club London is a part of the Kai Shin Kai International Traditional Aikido Association (KSK), which is a member of the British Aikido Board (BAB).

Aikido is essentially a non-violent Martial art system that encourages the avoidance of confrontation and harmony with an aggressor. The classes are well attended with Aikido students always on the mat and aimed at all levels, from beginner to advanced but everyone is welcome to come along regardless of fitness or experience.

Our Aikido students work at their own pace during the training sessions and no one is forced into doing anything they are not comfortable with.
Pinner Aikido Club in London can help you achieve self-defense skills, self-esteem, confidence, and fitness. Most of all though, our classes are fun.

You do not have to be competitive or naturally athletic to take part in the Aikido class. Learning Aikido is about self-improvement and self-confidence.

Regardless of your size, body type and current level of physical ability or disability. If you are looking for a healthier, more confident way of life, then the modern art of Aikido may well be for you.

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