Aikido Audio Glossary - Japanese Pronunciation

Welcome to our Aikido Audio Glossary. On this page you can find over 120 Aikido terms with brief translation and audio files with real Japanese pronunciation. Voice and content credits to Jun Akiyama.

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Attacks

Term Brief Translation Audio
Nage One who is doing the throwing.
Uke One who is being thrown.
Hanmi Triangular stance.
Kamae Stance.
Ai hanmi Mutual stance.
Gyaku hanmi Opposing stance.
Hijidori Elbow grab attack.
Katadori Shoulder grab attack.
Katatedori One handed grab (same side) attack.
Kosadori One handed grab (cross-hand) attack.
Munadori Chest grab attack.
Morotedori Two hands on one arm grab attack.
Ryo tekubitori Grabbing both wrists attack.
Ryote mochi Grabbing both wrists attack.
Ryotedori Grabbing both wrists attack.
Shomenuchi A swinging strike to the top of the head.
Kubishime Neck choke.
Yokomen uchi A swinging strike to the side of the head.
MunetsukiChest strike attack.
Tsuki Thrust, punch.
Ushiro Behind.

Techniques

Term Brief Translation Audio
Waza Technique.
Irimi Entering movement
Tenkan Turning movement.
Omote Techniques done with nage in front of uke.
Ura Techniques done with nage in back of uke.
Hanmi handachi Techniques wherein nage is seated and uke is standing.
Suwari waza Seated techniques.
Tachi waza Standing techniques.
Ikkyo The first teaching.
Nikyo The second teaching.
Sankyo The third teaching.
Yonkyo The fourth teaching.
Gokyo The fifth teaching.
Rokkyo The sixth teaching.
Shihonage Four directional throw.
Kaitennage The "rotary" throw.
Kotegaeshi Wrist-turning throw.
Tenchinage Heaven and earth throw.
Sumi otoshi Corner-drop technique.
Kokyu tanden ho Seated exercise from a two handed grab.
Kokyudosa Seated exercise from a two handed grab.
Kokyunage Breath throw.
Iriminage Throw done by entering.
Jujinage The figure "ten" throw.
Koshinage Hip throw.
Aiki otoshi A "reverse" koshinage where uke goes backwards over nage's hips.
Atemi Striking the body.
Hijinage Throw with a projection underneath uke's elbow. Also known as tenbinnage.
Jiyuwaza Freestyle techniques
Henka waza Technique that changes in mid-execution.
Randori Freestyle multiple person attack.
Kaeshiwaza Reversal technique.
Ki no Nagare Flowing techniques.
Kihon Basics.

Weapons

Term Brief Translation Audio
Bokken A wooden sword.
Bokuto A wooden sword.
Jo Wooden staff.
Katana A sword.
Shinai Bamboo sword.
Tanto A knife.
Jodori Techniques for disarming an opponent with a sword.
Kumijo Paired jo exercises.
Kumitachi Paired bokken exercises.
Tachi dori Techniques for disarming an opponent with a sword.
Tantodori Techniques for disarming an opponent with a knife.
Suburi Solo practice with the jo or bokken.

Names and Terms

Term Brief Translation Audio
Aikido Japanese martial art founded by Morihei Ueshiba
Aikidoka One who practices aikido.
Morihei The first name of the founder of aikido.
Ueshiba The last name of the founder of aikido.
O-sensei "The great teacher," referring to Morihei Ueshiba.
Sensei Teacher.
Sempai A senior student.
Kohai A junior student.
Domo arigatou gozaimashita Thank you very much.
Onegaishimasu Please.

About the Dojo

Term Brief Translation Audio
Dojo Training hall.
Kamidana The sacred shrine placed at the front of a dojo training area.
Kamiza See Kamidana.
Shomen The front of the dojo.
Tatami Mat.

Clothing

Term Brief Translation Audio
Dogi Training uniform.
Keikogi Training uniform.
Hakama Divided skirt worn by aikidoka.
Obi The belt.

Miscellaneous Terms

Term Brief Translation Audio
Funakogi undo The rowing exercise.
Gasshuku Seminar, retreat, workshop.
Happo undo Eight directional exercise.
Hara The stomach. Center.
Ikkyo undo The ikkyo exercise.
Kata Form.
Keiko Practice/training.
Ki Life energy.
Kiai Focused energy in the form of a yell.
Kokyu Breath.
Kuzushi Balance breaking.
Maai The spacing between nage and uke.
Mudansha One who has not yet attained black belt.
Rei Usually an indication to bow to your partner.
Seiza Formal sitting posture.
Shikaku The "dead" corner. The vulnerable angle.
Shodan First degree black belt.
Shikkou Knee walking
Sutemi A sacrifice throw. (Not a breakfall!)
Tai Sabaki Body movement.
Uchideshi A live-in student.
Ukemi The art of attacking and falling.
Yudansha One who has attained the level of black belt.

Counting

Term Brief Translation Audio
Counting From one through ten.
Ichi One.
Ni Two.
San Three.
Yon Four.
Shi Four.
Go Five.
Roku Six.
Nana Seven.
Shichi Seven.
Hachi Eight.
Kyu Nine.
Jyu Ten.

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Aikido is a modern Japanese Martial Art and is very different from disciplines such as Karate, Kick Boxing, Taekwondo, Kung Fu, MMA, BJJ, Kempo and Krav Maga where there is emphasis on kicking, punching or wrestling.

Aikido is an extremely efficient self defence (also as Self-Defence Women London) system utilising balance-taking and posture-breaking movements to achieve joint locks, pins and throws. It contains elements of Ju Jitsu, Kendo, Judo and other budo.

Aikido Classes are held every Tuesday and Wednesday evening at our Harrow dojo, and Thursday evening at our Pinner dojo in NW London. Pinner Aikido Club London is a part of the Kai Shin Kai International Traditional Aikido Association (KSK), which is a member of the British Aikido Board (BAB).

Aikido is essentially a non-violent Martial art system that encourages the avoidance of confrontation and harmony with an aggressor. The classes are well attended with Aikido students always on the mat and aimed at all levels, from beginner to advanced but everyone is welcome to come along regardless of fitness or experience.

Our Aikido students work at their own pace during the training sessions and no one is forced into doing anything they are not comfortable with.
Pinner Aikido Club in London can help you achieve self-defense skills, self-esteem, confidence, and fitness. Most of all though, our classes are fun.

You do not have to be competitive or naturally athletic to take part in the Aikido class. Learning Aikido is about self-improvement and self-confidence.

Regardless of your size, body type and current level of physical ability or disability. If you are looking for a healthier, more confident way of life, then the modern art of Aikido may well be for you.

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